Garden Wisdom Blog

Compost and Composting

category: Articles and Instructions category: Garden Resources category: Organic Growing

Compost and Composting

About Compost and Composting Composting is the process of breaking down organic material. It is one of the basic principles of organic and biodynamic gardening, and has been in practice for a surprisingly long time. Pliny the Elder refers to composting in his writings from the early Roman era in the first century AD. But it wasn’t until the 1920s when forward-thinking scientists and social philosophers such as Rudolf Steiner began to see the profoundly important role composting could play in a modern society. And only now are municipalities in North America contemplating large, industrial scale composting programs to deal...

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Plant Flower Seeds for Bees

bees category: Articles and Instructions category: Flower Talk category: Garden Resources flowers how-to pollinators

Plant Flower Seeds for Bees

With pollinator conservation in mind it’s a good idea to plant flower seeds for bees. But which are the best pollinator plants? Which bee flowers are the easiest to sow and grow? What flowers can be grown in containers or schoolyards to attract pollinators? Certain plants produce flowers that are really generous with nectar and pollen in order to ensure good pollination. The plants and the bees (and other insects) that pollinate them have evolved in harmony to form important relationships — one can’t survive without the other, but together they will thrive! So the first consideration is to think...

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Waiting to Transplant

category: Articles and Instructions category: Garden Resources category: Seed Talk garden-wisdom hardening-off how-to potting-on timing transplant

Waiting to Transplant

Many plants benefit from a head start by sowing indoors during late winter and early spring. For a few crops, notably peppers and tomatoes, this indoor start is an absolute requirement if growing from seed. These tender, tropical plants will be killed outright by frost, and will show immediate signs of distress if exposed to cold spring weather. So the gardener’s strategy is to make an educated guess about when it will be warm enough to transplant them outdoors, and work backwards from that date according to which crop is involved. Tomatoes, peppers, and many perennial flowers require a good...

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Planting to Attract Predatory Insects

category: Articles and Instructions category: Garden Resources category: Insects Pests and Diseases

Planting to Attract Predatory Insects

Planting to attract predatory insects is one of the key tactics for pest control in an organic garden system. Insects, like plants, come in all shapes and sizes, and play many different roles in the environment as well as in your garden. As sure as some insects are pests others are positively beneficial.

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Good Watering Practice

category: Articles and Instructions category: Garden Resources category: Organic Growing garden-wisdom how-to

Good Watering Practice

Plants need water – that’s a fact. And many vegetable crops need quite a lot of water (along with sunshine and nutrients) to produce the tasty roots and fruits that nourish us year round. Part of the goal of organic gardening is to grow food sustainably. We want to have minimal impact on the environment, and leave the soil healthier than we started with. So what are the ways we can use good watering practice in our sustainable garden and farming models? 1. Whenever possible, water early in the morning. This is when the soil is coolest, so the water...

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